Top 10 Toxins for Dogs
By Emily Hoppmann, DVM
1. Chocolate: Dark equals dangerous! Bakers and dark chocolate are the most toxic, and milk chocolate can be dangerous if ingested in large amounts.
2. Xylitol: This sweetener found in sugarless chewing gum and candy, medications, and nasal sprays causes a rapid drop in blood sugar and liver failure only in dogs.
3. NSAIDS: Ibuprofen, naproxen, and so on, found in products such as Advil, Motrin, and Aleve, are not easily metabolized by dogs; ingestions result in stomach ulcers and kidney failure.
4. Over-the-counter cough, cold, and allergy medications: Those that contain acetaminophen or decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine, are particularly toxic.
5. Rodenticides (mouse poison): These may cause internal bleeding (brodifacoum, bromadiolone, and so on) or brain swelling (bromethalin), even in small amounts.
6. Grapes and raisins: These harmless human foods cause kidney damage in dogs.
7. Insect bait stations: These rarely cause poisoning in dogs- the bigger risk is bowel obstruction when dogs swallow the plastic casing.
8. Prescription ADD/ADHD medications: Amphetamines such as Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine, and Vyvanse can cause tremors, seizures, cardiac problems, and death in pets
9. Glucosamine joint supplements: Overdoses of these sometimes tasty products typically only cause diarrhea; however, in rare cases liver failure can develop.
10. Oxygen absorbers and silica gel packets: Iron containing oxygen absorbers found in food packages like beef jerky or pet treats can cause iron poisoning. Silica gel packs, found in new shoes, purses, or backpacks, are rarely a concern.